Statement and Argument

Directions to SolveEach question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.Give answer:
  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

Q1: Statement: Should Government close down loss-making public sector enterprises? Arguments:
  1. No. All employees will lose their jobs, security and earning, what would they do?
  2. Yes. In a competitive world the rule is 'survival of the fittest'.

A Only argument II is strong

B Both I and II are strong

C Only argument I is strong

D Either I or II is strong

E Neither I nor II is strong

ANS:A - Only argument I is strong

Explanation: Closing down public-sector enterprises will definitely throw the engaged persons out of employment. So, argument I holds. Also, closing down is no solution for a loss-making enterprise. Rather, its causes of failure should be studied, analyzed and the essential reforms implemented. Even if this does not work out, the enterprise may be privatized. So, argument II is vague,

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