Statement and Argument

Directions to SolveEach question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.Give answer:
  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

Q1: Statement: Should there be a cap on maximum number of contestants for parliamentary elections in any constituency? Arguments:
  1. Yes. This will make the parliamentary elections more meaningful as the voters can make a considered judgement for casting their vote.
  2. No. In a democracy any person fulfilling the eligibility criteria can contest parliamentary elections and there should be no restrictions.

A Both I and II are strong

B Neither I nor II is strong

C Only argument I is strong

D Only argument II is strong

E Either I or II is strong

ANS:E - Both I and II are strong

Explanation: Clearly, if there were less candidates, the voters would find it easy to make a choice. So, argument I holds. Also, every person satisfying the conditions laid down by the Constitution must be given an opportunity and should not be denied the same just to cut down the number of candidates. So, argument II also holds strong.

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