Statement and Argument

Directions to SolveEach question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.Give answer:
  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

Q1: Statement: Should there be a maximum limit for the number of ministers in the Central Government? Arguments:
  1. No. The political party in power should have the freedom to decide the number of ministers to be appointed.
  2. Yes. The number of ministers should be restricted to a certain percentage of the total number of seats in the parliament to avoid unnecessary expenditure.

A Only argument I is strong

B Both I and II are strong

C Only argument II is strong

D Either I or II is strong

E Neither I nor II is strong

ANS:B - Only argument II is strong

Explanation: Clearly, there should be some norms regarding the number of ministers in the Government, as more number of ministers would unnecessarily add to the Government expenditure. So, argument II holds strong; Also, giving liberty to the party in power could promote extension of unreasonable favour to some people at the cost of government funds. So, argument I does not hold.



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