Statement and Conclusion

Directions to SolveIn each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.Give answer:
  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1: Statements: In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed - the rate of bowel cancer increases but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition - the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan. Conclusions:
  1. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also.
  2. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer.

A Only conclusion II follows

B Both I and II follow

C Either I or II follows

D Only conclusion I follows

E Neither I nor II follows

ANS:D - Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.



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