Statement and Conclusion

Directions to SolveIn each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.Give answer:
  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1: Statements: The percentage of the national income shared by the top 10 per cent of households in India is 35. Conclusions:
  1. When an economy grows fast, concentration of wealth in certain pockets of population takes place.
  2. The national income is unevenly distributed in India.

A Both I and II follow

B Only conclusion I follows

C Either I or II follows

D Only conclusion II follows

E Neither I nor II follows

ANS:B - Only conclusion II follows

Explanation: Nothing about the growth of economy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. Also, it is given that 35 per cent of national income is shared by 10 per cent of households. This indicates unequal distribution. So, II follows.

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