Which two statements describe the IP address
  1. The subnet address is
  2. The lowest host address in the subnet is
  3. The last valid host address in the subnet is
  4. The broadcast address of the subnet is

A 2, 3 and 4

B 1 and 3

C 2 and 4

D 1, 2 and 4

ANS:B - 2 and 4

The mask (/23) used with a Class A address means that there are 15 subnet bits and 9 host bits. The block size in the third octet is 2 (256 - 254). So this makes the subnets in the interesting octet 0, 2, 4, 6, etc., all the way to 254. The host is in the 2.0 subnet. The next subnet is 4.0, so the broadcast address for the 2.0 subnet is 3.255. The valid host addresses are 2.1 through 3.254.

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