Logical Deduction

Directions to SolveIn each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.Give answer:
  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1: Statements: All poles are guns. Some boats are not poles. Conclusions:
  1. All guns are boats.
  2. Some boats are not guns.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q2: Statements: No women teacher can play. Some women teachers are athletes. Conclusions:
  1. Male athletes can play.
  2. Some athletes can play.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q3: Statements: Some men are educated. Educated persons prefer small families. Conclusions:
  1. All small families are educated.
  2. Some men prefer small families.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q4: Statements: All mangoes are golden in colour. No golden-coloured things are cheap. Conclusions:
  1. All mangoes are cheap.
  2. Golden-coloured mangoes are not cheap.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q5: Statements: All trucks fly. Some scooters fly. Conclusions:
  1. All trucks are scooters.
  2. Some scooters do not fly.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q6: Statements: Some desks are caps. No cap is red. Conclusions:
  1. Some caps are desks.
  2. No desk is red.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q7: Statements: Some doctors are fools. Some fools are rich. Conclusions:
  1. Some doctors are rich
  2. Some rich are doctors.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q8: Statements: All educated people read newspapers. Rahul does not read newspaper. Conclusions:
  1. Rahul is not educated.
  2. Reading newspaper is not essential to be educated.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q9: Statements: All men are married. Some men are educated. Conclusions:
  1. Some married are educated.
  2. Some educated are married.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q10: Statements: Some hens are cows. All cows are horses. Conclusions:
  1. Some horses are hens.
  2. Some hens are horses.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q11: Statements: Most teachers are boys. Some boys are students. Conclusions:
  1. Some students are boys.
  2. Some teachers are students.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q12: Statements: All film stars are playback singers. All film directors are film stars. Conclusions:
  1. All film directors are playback singers.
  2. Some film stars are film directors.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q13: Statements: No gentleman is poor. All gentlemen are rich. Conclusions:
  1. No poor man is rich.
  2. No rich man is poor.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q14: Statements: Some swords are sharp. All swords are rusty Conclusions:
  1. Some rusty things are sharp.
  2. Some rusty things are not sharp.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q15: Statements: Some papers are pens. Some pencils are pens. Conclusions:
  1. Some pens are pencils.
  2. Some pens are papers.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q16: Statements: All fish are tortoise. No tortoise is a crocodile. Conclusions:
  1. No crocodile is a fish.
  2. No fish is a crocodile.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q17: Statements: Raman is always successful. No fool is always successful. Conclusions:
  1. Raman is a fool.
  2. Raman is not a fool.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q18: Statements: Some engineers are fools. Anand is an engineer. Conclusions:
  1. Some fools are engineers.
  2. Anand is a fool.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q19: Statements: All pens are roads. All roads are houses. Conclusions:
  1. All houses are pens.
  2. Some houses are pens.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q20: Statements: All windows are doors. No door is wall. Conclusions:
  1. No window is wall.
  2. No wall is door.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q21: Statements: Some dedicated souls are angels. All social workers are angels. Conclusions:
  1. Some dedicated souls are social workers.
  2. Some social workers are dedicated souls.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q22: Statements: All boys are honest. Sachin is honest. Conclusions:
  1. Sachin is a boy.
  2. All honest persons are boys.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q23: Statements: Some books are tables. Some tables are mirrors. Conclusions:
  1. Some mirrors are books.
  2. No book is mirror.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q24: Statements: All roads are poles. No pole is a house. Conclusions:
  1. Some roads are houses.
  2. Some houses are poles.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q25: Statements: All bags are cakes. All lamps are cakes. Conclusions:
  1. Some lamps are bags.
  2. No lamp is bag.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q26: Statements: All birds are tall. Some tall are hens. Conclusions:
  1. Some birds are hens.
  2. Some hens are tall.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q27: Statements: All men are dogs. All dogs are cats. Conclusions:
  1. All men are cats.
  2. All cats are men.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q28: Statements: Bureaucrats marry only intelligent girls. Tanya is very intelligent. Conclusions:
  1. Tanya will marry a bureaucrat.
  2. Tanya will not marry a bureaucrat.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q29: Statements: No magazine is cap. All caps are cameras. Conclusions:
  1. No camera is magazine.
  2. Some cameras are magazines.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q30: Statements: Some papers are pens. Angle is a paper. Conclusions:
  1. Angle is not a pen.
  2. Angle is a pen.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q31: Statements: Every minister is a student. Every student is inexperienced. Conclusions:
  1. Every minister is inexperienced.
  2. Some inexperienced are students.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q32: Statements: Some kings are queens. All queens are beautiful. Conclusions:
  1. All kings are beautiful.
  2. All queens are kings.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q33: Statements: All artists are smokers. Some smokers are drunkards. Conclusions:
  1. All smokers are artists.
  2. Some drunkards are not smokers.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q34: Statements: All cars are cats. All fans are cats. Conclusions:
  1. All cars are fans
  2. Some fans are cars.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q35: Statements: Some books are pens. No pen is pencil. Conclusions:
  1. Some books are pencils.
  2. No book is pencil.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q36: Statements: All tubes are handles. All cups are handles. Conclusions:
  1. All cups are tubes.
  2. Some handles are not cups.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q37: Statements: All young scientists are open-minded. No open-minded men are superstitious. Conclusions:
  1. No scientist is superstitious.
  2. No young people are superstitious.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q38: Statements: All jungles are tigers. Some tigers are horses. Conclusions:
  1. Some horses are jungles.
  2. No horse is jungle.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q39: Statements: All roads are waters. Some waters are boats. Conclusions:
  1. Some boats are roads.
  2. All waters are boats.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q40: Statements: No bat is ball. No ball is wicket. Conclusions:
  1. No bat is wicket.
  2. All wickets are bats.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q41: Statements: All pens are chalks. All chairs are chalks. Conclusions:
  1. Some pens are chairs.
  2. Some chalks are pens.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q42: Statements: Some pastries are toffees. All toffees are chocolates. Conclusions:
  1. Some chocolates are toffees.
  2. Some toffees are not pastries.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q43: Statements: All flowers are trees. No fruit is tree. Conclusions:
  1. No fruit is flower.
  2. Some trees are flowers.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q44: Statements: All fishes are grey in colour. Some fishes are heavy. Conclusions:
  1. All heavy fishes are grey in colour.
  2. All light fishes are not grey in colour.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q45: Statements: No man is a donkey. Rahul is a man. Conclusions:
  1. Rahul is not a donkey.
  2. All men are not Rahul.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q46: Statements: Some dreams are nights. Some nights are days. Conclusions:
  1. All days are either nights or dreams.
  2. Some days are nights.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q47: Statements: All huts are mansions. All mansions are temples. Conclusions:
  1. Some temples are huts.
  2. Some temples are mansions.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q48: Statements: All hill stations have a sun-set point. X is a hill station. Conclusions:
  1. X has a sun-set point.
  2. Places other than hill stations do not have sun-set points.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q49: Statements: All water is divine. All temples are divine. Conclusions:
  1. All water is temple.
  2. All temples are water.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q50: Statements: Many scooters are trucks. All trucks are trains. Conclusions:
  1. Some scooters are trains.
  2. No truck is a scooter.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow

Q51: Statements: All good athletes win. All good athletes eat well. Conclusions:
  1. All those who eat well are good athletes.
  2. All those who win eat well.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Both I and II follow


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