## Statement and Assumption

Directions to SolveIn each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.Give answer
• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

# Q1:Statement: Of all the newspapers published in Mumbai, readership of the "Times" is the largest in the Metropolis. Assumptions: 'Times' is not popular in mofussil areas. 'Times' has the popular feature of cartoons on burning social and political issues.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q2:Statement: All existing inequalities can be reduced, if not utterly eradicated, by action of governments or by revolutionary change of government. Assumptions: Inequality is a man-made phenomenon. No person would voluntarily part with what he possesses.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q3:Statement: Please do not use lift while going down - an instruction on the top floor of a five-storey building. Assumptions: While going down, the lift is unable to carry any load. Provision of lift is a matter of facility and not of right.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q4:Statement: "The bridge was built at the cost of Rs. 128 crores and even civil bus service is not utilizing it, what a pity to see it grossly underutilized." - A citizen's view on a new flyover linking east and west sides of a suburb. Assumptions: The building of such bridges does not serve any public objective. There has to be some accountability and utility of money spent on public projects.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q5:Statement: The regulatory authority has set up a review committee to find out the reasons for unstable stock prices. Assumptions: The investors may regain confidence in stock market by this decision. The review committee has the expertise to find out the causes for volatility in the stock market.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q6:Statement: Children are influenced more by their teachers nowadays. Assumptions: The children consider teachers as their models. A large amount of children's time is spent in school.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q7:Statement: Safety and health practices in many Indian companies are well below the international standards. Assumptions: International standards of health and safety are ideal and unrealistic. Indian organizations do not consider safety and health management as their prime social responsibility.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q8:Statement: Be humble even after being victorious. Assumptions: Many people are humble after being victorious. Generally people are not humble.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q9:Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so. Assumptions: At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q10:Statement: The campaign of 'Keep your city clean' started by the Civil Council did not evoke any response from the citizens. Assumptions: People do not desire to keep their city clean. The Civil Council has failed in its campaign.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q11:Statement: "You should not grant him leave in this week due to exigency of work." - A supervisor advises the administrative officer. Assumptions: Request for leave can be turned down also. The supervisor has reviewed the work required to be done during the said period.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q12:Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter. Assumptions: The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q13:Statement: The education of a student at collegiate level, not taking into account maintenance expenses, costs four hundred rupees a year. Collegiate education is thus drawing heavily upon the national resources of an impoverished community. So college education should be restricted to a brilliant few. Assumptions: Our resources are very limited. Only a few students should be admitted to the colleges.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q14:Statement: "In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager. Assumptions: Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q15:Statement: Because of the large number of potholes in road X, reaching airport in time has become difficult. Assumptions: Reaching airport in time may not be always necessary. There is no other convenient road to the airport.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q16:Statement: Shalini made an application to the bank for a loan of Rs. 1,80,000 by mortgaging her house to the bank and promised to repay it within five years. Assumptions: The bank has a practice of granting loans for Rs. 1,00,000 and above. The bank accepts house as collateral security against such loans.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q17:Statement: Please note that the company will provide accommodation to only outside candidates if selected.' - A condition in an advertisement. Assumptions: The local candidates would be having some other arrangement for their stay. The company plans to select only local candidates.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q18:Statement: The first step in treating addicts is to re-establish their lost ties, for which a continuous personal attention should be paid to the addicts under treatment. Assumptions: Addicts under treatment respond better when shown personal interest. Addiction and strained relationships are intimately connected.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q19:Statement: 'Double your money in five months.' - An advertisement. Assumptions: The assurance is not genuine. People want their money to grow.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q20:Statement: Beware of dogs, our dogs do not bark, but they are trained to distinguish between genuine guests and intruders. Assumptions: Barking dogs bite rarely. Our dogs could be dangerous for intruders.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q21:Statement: Cases of food poisoning due to consumption of liquor are increasing in rural areas. Assumptions: Percentage of people consuming liquor is more in rural areas. There are many unauthorized spurious liquor shops in the rural areas.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q22:Statement: Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age. Assumptions: There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q23:Statement: If it is easy to become an engineer, I don't want to be an engineer. Assumptions: An individual aspires to be professional. One desires to achieve a thing which is hard earned.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q24:Statement: The Government has decided to levy 2 percent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes. Assumptions: The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes. The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to fund these drought relief programmes.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q25:Statement: "This drink can be had either as it is, or after adding ice to it." - An advertisement. Assumptions: People differ in their preferences. Some people will get attracted to the drink as it can be had as it is.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q26:Statement: A's advice to B - "Go to Jammu via Amritsar - the shortest route". Assumptions: B wishes to go to Jammu. A gives advice to everybody.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q27:Statement: A warning in a train compartment - "To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs. 500." Assumptions: Some people misuse the alarm chain. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q28:Statement: "If you trouble me, I will slap you." - A mother warns her child. Assumptions: With the warning, the child may stop troubling her. All children are basically naughty.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q30:Statement: Like a mad man, I decided to follow him. Assumptions: I am not a mad man. I am a mad man.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q31:Statement: Of all the radio sets manufactured in India, the 'X' brand has the largest sale. Assumptions: The sale of all the radio sets manufactured in India is known. The manufacturing of no other radio set in India is as large as 'X' brand radio.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q32:Statement: It will be a substantial achievement in the field of education if one provides one school for every village in our country and enforce attendance. Assumptions: Children in villages do not attend school regularly. Providing school to every village is desirable.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q33:Statement: Greater public participation results in good civic governance. - Statement of Municipal Commissioner of City A. Assumptions: The municipal office is not competent to effect good civic administration. Good civic governance is a matter of collective will and effort of the people and administration.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q34:Statement: "I have not received telephone bills for nine months inspite of several complaints" - A telephone customer's letter to the editor of a daily Assumptions: Every customer has a right to get bills regularly from the telephone company. The customer's complaints point to defect in the services which are expected to be corrected.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q35:Statement: Detergents should be used to clean clothes. Assumptions: Detergents form more lather. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q36:Statement: The concession in rail fares for the journey to hill stations has been cancelled because it is not needed for people who can spend their holidays there. Assumptions: Railways should give concession only to needy persons. Railways should not encourage people to spend their holidays at hill stations.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q37:Statement: The district administration has issued a circular to all the farmers under its jurisdiction advising them for not using pesticides indiscriminately as it may pollute the ground water. Assumptions: People may stop using ground water if the farmers continue to use pesticides indiscriminately. Farmers may refrain from using pesticides indiscriminately.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q38:Statement: The government has decided to disinvest large chunk of its equity in select public sector undertakings for a better fiscal management. Assumptions: The amount generated out of the disinvestment process may reduce substantially the mounting fiscal deficits. There will be enough demand in the market for the shares of these undertakings.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q39:Statement: Films have become indispensable for the entertainment of people. Assumptions: Films are the only media of entertainment. People enjoy films.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q40:Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year. Assumptions: There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q41:Statement: His recent investment in the shares of Company A is only a gamble. Assumptions: He may incur loss on his investment. He may gain from his investment.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q42:Statement: The X-Airlines has decided to increase the passenger fare by 15 percent with immediate effect. Assumptions: The demand for seats of X-Airlines may remain unchanged even after the hike of fare. Other airline companies may also hike the passenger fares.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q43:Statement: Why don't you go to the court if the employer does not pay you the Provident Fund contribution? Assumptions: Courts can intervene in matters of dispute between employer and employees. It is obligatory for the employer to pay the Provident Fund contribution to the employees.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q44:Statement: Lack of stimulation in the first four or five years of life can have adverse consequences. Assumptions: A great part of the development of observed intelligence occurs in the earliest years of life 50 percent of the measurable intelligence at age of 17 is already predictable by the age of four.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q46:Statement: Government has permitted unaided colleges to increase their fees. Assumptions: Unaided colleges are in financial difficulties. Aided colleges do not need to increase fees.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q47:Statement: The government has decided to pay compensation to the tune of Rs. 1 lakh to the family members of those who are killed in railway accidents. Assumptions: The government has enough funds to meet the expenses due to compensation. There may be reduction in incidents of railway accidents in near future.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q48:Statement: Apart from the entertainment value of television, its educational value cannot be ignored. Assumptions: People take television to be a means of entertainment only. The educational value of television is not realised properly.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

# Q49:Statement: Never before such a lucid book was available on the topic. Assumptions: Some other books were available on this topic. You can write lucid books on very few topics.

A Only assumption I is implicit
B Only assumption II is implicit
C Either I or II is implicit
D Neither I nor II is implicit
E Both I and II are implicit

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