Syllogism

Directions to SolveIn each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.Give answer:
  • (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
  • (B) If only (2) conclusion follows
  • (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
  • (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
  • (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.

Q1: Statements: Some cows are crows. Some crows are elephants. Conclusions:
  1. Some cows are elephants.
  2. All crows are elephants.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q2: Statements: All the actors are girls. All the girls are beautiful. Conclusions:
  1. All the actors are beautiful.
  2. Some girls are actors.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q3: Statements: All the pencils are pens. All the pens are inks. Conclusions:
  1. All the pencils are inks.
  2. Some inks are pencils.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q4: Statements: All cars are cats. All fans are cats. Conclusions:
  1. All cars are fans.
  2. Some fans are cars.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q5: Statements: All the windows are doors. No door is a wall. Conclusions:
  1. Some windows are walls.
  2. No wall is a door.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q6: Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers. Conclusions:
  1. Some actors are dancers.
  2. No singer is actor.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q7: Statements: All buildings are chalks. No chalk is toffee. Conclusions:
  1. No building is toffee
  2. All chalks are buildings.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q8: Statements: Some mangoes are yellow. Some tixo are mangoes. Conclusions:
  1. Some mangoes are green.
  2. Tixo is a yellow.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q9: Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens. Conclusions:
  1. Some pens are pencils.
  2. Some pens are papers.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q10: Statements: Some dogs are bats. Some bats are cats. Conclusions:
  1. Some dogs are cats.
  2. Some cats are dogs.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q11: Statements: All the harmoniums are instruments. All the instruments are flutes. Conclusions:
  1. All the flutes are instruments.
  2. All the harmoniums are flutes.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q12: Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples. Conclusions:
  1. All the apples are parrots.
  2. Some ants are apples.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q13: Statements: All cups are books. All books are shirts. Conclusions:
  1. Some cups are not shirts.
  2. Some shirts are cups.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow

Q14: Statements: All the trucks are flies. Some scooters are flies. Conclusions:
  1. All the trucks are scooters.
  2. Some scooters are trucks.

A Only (1) conclusion follows

B Only (2) conclusion follows

C Either (1) or (2) follows

D Neither (1) nor (2) follows

E Both (1) and (2) follow


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