Statement and Assumption

Directions to SolveIn each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.Give answer
  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

Q1: Statement: A warning in a train compartment - "To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs. 500." Assumptions:
  1. Some people misuse the alarm chain.
  2. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

A Neither I nor II is implicit

B Only assumption II is implicit

C Only assumption I is implicit

D Both I and II are implicit

E Either I or II is implicit

ANS:E - Both I and II are implicit

Explanation: Clearly, the penalty is imposed to prevent people from misusing the alarm chain. This means that some people misuse it. So, I is implicit. The alarm chain is provided to stop the running train in times of urgency. So, II is also implicit.

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