Logical Deduction

Directions to SolveIn each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.Give answer:
  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1: Statements: All good athletes win. All good athletes eat well. Conclusions:
  1. All those who eat well are good athletes.
  2. All those who win eat well.

A Only conclusion I follows

B Neither I nor II follows

C Only conclusion II follows

D Both I and II follow

E Either I or II follows

ANS:D - Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: Since the middle term 'good athletes' is distributed twice in the premises, the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some of those who win, eat well'.



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