Logical Deduction

Directions to SolveIn each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.Give answer:
• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1:Statements: All young scientists are open-minded. No open-minded men are superstitious. Conclusions: No scientist is superstitious. No young people are superstitious.

A Either I or II follows
B Both I and II follow
C Neither I nor II follows
D Only conclusion I follows
E Only conclusion II follows

ANS:D - Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: The subject in both the conclusions is vague. The true conclusion is 'No young scientist is superstitious'. Thus, neither I nor II follows,

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