Logical Deduction

Directions to SolveIn each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.Give answer:
  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

Q1: Statements: Some books are tables. Some tables are mirrors. Conclusions:
  1. Some mirrors are books.
  2. No book is mirror.

A Both I and II follow

B Only conclusion II follows

C Either I or II follows

D Neither I nor II follows

E Only conclusion I follows

ANS:C - Either I or II follows

Explanation: Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. However, I and II involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. Thus, either I or II follows.



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